The population of Dakar, the capital of Senegal, – 2.5 million – is expected to have 4.3 million in Dakar urban area by 2030. As people increasingly flock to the city, its road network is coming under increased pressure, especially when it comes to public transportation.

Every day more than 25,000 people are transported from one point to another either by Dakar Dem Dikk buses, TATA minibus, the first public transport buses commonly called “car rapid”, taxis or others.

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It is a small public bus used in Senegal and there are more than 150 of the buses.  They are commonly used for inter-city transport of people and goods across all of Senegal.  

Each bus is manned by a driver and at least one apprentice.  The apprentice is responsible for collecting passenger fares, loading cargo, and identifying stops. Apprentices generally stand on the rear bumper, holding on to the door or cargo rack while the bus is in motion, signaling stops to the driver by banging on the body panel. Seat prices are generally fixed for a given route, but baggage prices must always be negotiated before boarding.

Citing the aging bus fleet, pollution, and danger associated with the vehicles, the Senegalese government is attempting to replace them with newer Tata buses in 2018.

Tata Bus

Traffic Jam affect social economic

Traffic jams in Dakar and the surrounding areas have become common and worrying, especially during rush hour. Traffic jams almost everywhere, hours of travel to get from one point to another, increasing pollution and a cause of the economic slowdown.

The problem, of course, comes from the growth in the number of vehicles and from uncomfortable and often dangerous public transport. 

But it also comes from the absence of infrastructure, which could not evolve at the same rate as the population of the capital.

The modernization of the transport sector by the government becomes necessary to increase its contribution share in the GDP.

Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) System as a crowdfunding tool

The AFC system can bring good cash flow to the public transportation system as there is a deposit and unused value on each passenger card. Every million passengers will contribute over US$ 1 million in cash flows based on our study.  

Besides stopping fake money and driver’s fraud, the AFC system will bring in recurrent income from transaction fees. Every million passengers will bring US$ 5 million in income per year if the transaction fee is 5% based on our study.

Sustainable growth in public transportation development can be easily achieved.

Business Opportunity

Although GDP per capita in Senegal is expected to reach US$ 1650 by the end of 2020,  there is a high demand for public transportation especially in Dakar with a 2.5 million population.

An AFC may be possible to help to make the trip safe as the vehicle owners will have more advance profit and more budget to pursue safety. This will avoid the manipulation of the fare collectors as well.

Sustainable growth in public transportation development can be easily achieved with the implementation of an AFC System.

However, most AFC systems are very expensive with comprehensive software for account-based and financial clearance.

A low cost and effective AFC system suitable for Dakar has to be used. 

The writer is a frequency traveler.  For more detail, please visit

Post Author: GCSharing

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