The population of Conakry, the capital of the Republic of Guinea, – 1.7 million – is expected to have 2.7 million by 2030 under U.N. Projections. As people increasingly flock to the city, its road network is coming under increased pressure, especially when it comes to public transportation.
Guinea is among the least urbanized countries in the world. Improvements in livability in Conakry hinge on more and better public service delivery. But investments in these infrastructures are constrained by the low resources available to local governments.
Lack of formal public transportation
2019 World Bank Urban Sector Review for Conakry
The lack of a mass transport system and the poor condition and lack of road infrastructure, residents of Conakry are largely disconnected from job opportunities and face high externalities in the form of congestion and pollution.
Lack of Investment for transport infrastructure
With only 30% paved roads, 54% of the national road network described as bad, inadequate national roads, a capital city without a bus station and an obsolete public transport fleet, Guinea faces major road transportation difficulties that must be resolved rapidly to promote the development of other sectors.
Received 50 buses from donation
Aug 2018 Anadolu Agency
Too many minibuses, motorcycles, and taxis on the streets of Conakry — with a population of over 1.6 million — are major causes of traffic inconvenience and frequent accidents.
A fleet of 50 buses donated by Turkey is helping to tackle the capital’s traffic woes, said officials in the capital Conakry.
To remedy this situation, the most obvious recommendation is to invest in a mass transport option in segregated space (bus or rail), as a backbone for passenger transport, that would shorten the commute to work and lower congestion levels.
Connecting people to opportunity
- Organize the public transport around segregated transport corridors
- Regulate and professionalize the public transport sector
- Organize the transport of goods and separate the flows from passenger transport
Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) system as a crowdfunding tool
The AFC system can bring good cash flow to the public transportation system as there are a deposit and unused value on each passenger card. Every million passengers will contribute over US$ 1 million in cash flows based on our study. There will be US$ 1.7 million in cash flows for Conakry to invest in infrastructure.
Besides stopping fake money and driver’s fraud, the AFC system will bring in recurrent income from transaction fees. Every million passengers will bring US$ 5 million in income per year if the transaction fee is 5% based on our study. So, there will be US$ 5 million in income per year for Conakry and it is expected to become US$ 13.5 million by 2030.
Profitable Business Opportunity
Although Guinea has a GDP per capita of US$ 910 in 2018, there is a social need for public transportation improvement especially in Conakry with 1.7 million population.
From the lesson from different countries, the improper financial management of public transportation can be improved by introducing an AFC system.
With all these old minivans, it is hard to finance an expensive AFC system.
Relying on donations and loans from foreign countries cannot be sustained because inherent problems such as shortage of cash notes, driver’s fraud, and fake money for public transportation are not resolved.
However, with a low-cost AFC, it must generate sufficient revenues for its financial sustainability, to continually service the ever-expanding social and economic demand.
Connecting people to opportunity objectives could be easily achieved.
The writer is a frequency traveler. For more detail, please visit autofare.net.