The population of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, – 2.3 million – is estimated to have 2.7 million by 2030 under 1.2% population growth projection. As people increasingly flock to the city, its road network is coming under increased pressure, especially when it comes to public transportation.
The public transport system in Baku includes the metro, buses, and taxis. Metro & bus services are extremely cheap in Baku when you compare to other countries. Red buses are operated by a private company called BakuBus which is privately owned. However, not all buses are operated by BakuBus, many of them are owned by the Government.
Public transportation problem in the developed city
20 Jun 2019 AMAK
Traffic jams, quality of roads, lack of parking spaces, poor quality of public transport are the main problems.
In the United States, the urban planning policy was aimed at meeting the need for mobility of the population traveling by car. In this situation, public transport is practically absent or inconvenient to use. Because of such transport and urban planning policy, many US cities have low density with growing suburbs also referred to as urban sprawl.
Modern transport science considers such an approach erroneous and destructive for cities.
Baku that was originally built not for cars, simply could not accommodate all the cars used in the streets every day.
It began to repeat practically the same mistakes that were in the cities of the developed countries.
To solve the problem, one thing that can be done immediately is to encourage people to use public transportation and discourage the usage of private cars.
It is a company in the capital of Azerbaijan providing Baku city with an upgraded bus network. Fare can be paid by BakuKart Card. Cash is not accepted and you cannot ride BakuBus without a card.
Purple buses with EURO 6 standard
These 12-meter three-door buses meet the EURO 6 emission standard. Buses are equipped with all necessary conditions for the convenience of passengers, including USB ports, ramps, and cooling-heating systems, and meet all environmental standards. It only accepts cash.
They are suitable for boarding without a card. The fee is 30 qepik. The bus fare must be paid in cash. You should say in advance where you want him to stop. The fee is paid while getting off the bus.
UNCTAD, Azerbaijan ink deal to better manage public debt
28 Oct 2019 UNCTAD
UNCTAD and Azerbaijan have signed an agreement to help the country better manage its public debt.
Although Baku has a GDP per capita of US$ 4,689 in 2019, there is a demand for sustainable economic growth and social connectivity. To improve the growth of the economy, there is a social need for public transportation improvement especially in the Baku with 2.3 million population.
The Automatic fare collection (AFC) system can bring good cash flow to the public transportation system as there are a deposit and unused value on each passenger card. Every million passengers or tourists will contribute over US$ 1 million in cash flows based on our study.
Besides stopping fake money and driver’s fraud, the AFC system will bring in recurrent income from transaction fees. Every million passengers will bring US$ 5 million in income per year if the transaction fee is 5% based on our study.
Sustainable growth in public transportation development can be easily achieved.
The writer is a frequency traveler. For more detail, please visit autofare.net.