N’Djamena, the capital of Chad, has a population of 1.3 million. Chad is one of the world’s poorest countries and has the fourth-highest fertility rate (a woman has 6.9 children on average). The population has a growing rate of 3% per year and is expected to continue at this pace. So, it has a high demand for public transportation in order to serve the community needs.
Inequity of bus fare
The supply of public transportation in N’djamena is dominated by innumerable private enterprises operating mini-buses. The stations, routes and schedules are not fixed. In addition, there is no fixed price, in other words, the fare is bargained.
Government weak on development of transportation
19 Dec 2019 Reuters
The dusty city on the edge of the Sahara was ranked the most expensive in Africa and 11th in the world this year. Chadians said that the city is prohibitively expensive, with the price of housing and utilities pushing many people out to neighborhoods. It causes financial stress for them as a low wage but the high cost of living.
Goods and services such as transport, communications are especially pricey mainly because the supply of decent housing and infrastructure falls far behind demand. However, Chad’s government spokesman did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
4 Oct 2019 pv-magazine
An €18 million loan has been provided by the African Development Bank for the first, 32 MW phase of a 60 MW solar power project under development in Chad. The solar-plus-storage project is part of the African nation’s efforts to address a power deficit which means only 1.4 million people from a population of 14.4 million have access to electricity.
As now can know, the government’s involvement in the transportation infrastructure is passive. They do not have enough resources as it is an oil-dependent economy and lack of infrastructure all contribute to the high prices.
Although Chad has a GDP per capita of USD 885 in 2018, it has a negative growth rate in the previous years. There is a high demand for public transportation especially in N’Djamena with 1.3 million population and is expected rapidly increasing.
Instead of a loan, why not apply a sustainable offline automatic fare collection (AFC) which can bring a good cash flow from other countries’ experienced.
To accomplish a sustainable public transport system in developing countries, it is important to include all the stakeholders in the coordination of the sector. AFC is simple and off-the-shelf but it can improve financial issues for the bus owners.
The writer is a frequency traveler. To learn more about AFC, please visit mobileafc.net.