Transportation options in Luanda are extremely limited due to the poor road infrastructure.
Government indebted to buildup the public transport
Roads were damaged heavily during the civil war which ended in 2002 and generally were in state of disrepair after the war. Between 2011 and 2013, Angola spend $600 million, with the help of Chinese workers and loans, rebuilding two main rail lines out of the capital.
The GDP of Angola is
- −2.6% (2016)
- −0.1% (2017)
- −2.1% (2018)
GDP of Angola per capita is – $3,621
Five bus companies operate in Luanda’s transport market. They are State-owned TCUL and private, MACON, TURA, Angoaustral and SGO. However, government also have improvement on buses.
Public buses are highly needed
Mini bus taxis called Candonguerios. These buses are distinctly painted blue and white and are popular with the local population. Buses which are run by the Transporte Colectivo Urbano de Luanda (TCUL). This is a state owned company that that runs 40 bus lines within the city of Luanda. The system currently has around 300 buses but will expand to 400 buses soon.
The Angolan government is also investing in developing an expansive bus system in Luanda but route are not organized yet.
New card system used
The new electronic ticket system has been tested in 2019 in Angolan buses. It is to check the accuracy of passenger data and daily revenue. The project that is part of the process of modernization in the transport sector, is an important factor in activating mobility in the Luanda metropolitan area.
According to Jorge Bengui, the system will also allow operators to have “exact control of the revenues that are collected on a daily basis,” a solution, he said, that will “eliminate various constraints and allow more passenger control.”
A sustainable card system is needed. However, there are many projects running from under-developed country which are not guarantee to be finished at the timeline. Mostly delay due to cash-flow problem and improper financial management. Moreover, buying a new card system is expensive in the market.
From the lesson from different countries, the improper financial management of public transportation can be improved by introducing an offline cashless payment system – automatic fare collection (AFC) system.
The writer is a frequency traveler. For detail about AFC, please visit autofare.net.